The pendulum—one of only two Foucault pendulums in Pittsburgh—is a gift from Witchger to the University in commemoration of his time at Duquesne and as a member of the Honor College’s first graduating class of Endowed Fellows.
In order to complete the project, Witchger spent more than two years researching and designing an imaginative new electromagnetic drive system. He modeled his scaled-down version after French physicist Jean-Bernard-Leon Foucault’s original pendulum that was first displayed in 1851 to prove to the general public that the earth rotates. Unlike the original design, though, Witchger created a new, drive system located in the base of the pendulum instead of at the top like most other Foucault pendulums around the world.
While it appears that the pendulum is moving around the base, the viewer is in fact the one that is moving around the pendulum as the earth rotates. Witchger said it was the intersection of science, the humanities and Foucault’s desire to educate everyone at all levels of society about this phenomenon that inspired him to build the pendulum at Duquesne.
“I wanted to find a way to share my gratitude with the University in a way that would be meaningful and specific to Duquesne,” said Witchger. “I see the pendulum itself and Foucault’s reasons for designing it as emblematic of the Spiritan mission that has meant so much to so many students.”
Roberts was a strong supporter of the installation of the pendulum from the moment that Witchger approached her with the idea nearly three-and-a-half years ago.
“The Endowed Fellows program is very new,” said Roberts. “I’m delighted that the projects have lasting impact. The fact that the pendulum is both a permanent installation and an ongoing experiment will, I hope, inspire more Honors Fellows to set ambitious goals for their work at Duquesne.”